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Inheritance Law in Dubai | BSB Legal

The jewel of the Middle East, Dubai is a glamorous city known for its opulence, wealth and glamour. But behind the glitz and glamor lies a complex legal system, especially in Inheritance Law in Dubai. It is crucial to understand the complexity of Inheritance Law in Dubai as they have a significant impact on residents and non-residents alike. Whether you are a citizen, expat or foreigner, you should be aware of how these laws affect you and your loved ones. Understand the basics of Dubai inheritance law Dubai’s inheritance laws are primarily based on Sharia, which is deeply rooted in Islamic principles.

Sharia law regulates various aspects of life, including family matters and inheritance rights. Inheritance in Dubai follows a strict hierarchy, with certain relatives entitled to certain shares of the inheritance. Principles regulate the division of inheritance in Dubai. These include justice, equality and the fulfilment of the will and duties of the deceased. It should be noted that these regulations apply to both Muslims and non-Muslims residing in Dubai, although there are some differences.

The Role of Sharia in Inheritance

Sharia law is the basis of Inheritance Law in Dubai . Sharia places great value on the family and ensures fair distribution of wealth. It governs various aspects of inheritance, including the calculation of shares, the division of property, and the settlement of disputes. The primary purpose of Sharia is to preserve family ties and protect the rights of everyone involved. Sharia provides a comprehensive framework for inheritance in Dubai. It takes into account the religious and cultural values ​​of society and ensures that wealth is distributed in a way that ensures justice and harmony within families. This approach is based on the belief that the deceased’s estate should be distributed among the legitimate heirs, taking into account their relationship to the deceased and their financial needs. Furthermore, Sharia places great emphasis on the fulfilment of the will and duties of the deceased. It recognizes the autonomy of individuals to distribute goods as they please, provided this does not conflict with the principles of justice and equality. However, in cases where the deceased did not leave a valid will, Sharia provides a clear framework for dividing property between legal heirs.

Key Principles of Inheritance Law

When it comes to inheritance in Dubai, several key principles guide the process. Firstly, the deceased’s debts must be settled before distributing the estate. This ensures that the rightful heirs receive their shares without any encumbrances or financial burdens. Next, the deceased’s assets are divided into fixed shares, with specific relatives entitled to predetermined portions. These shares are allocated to heirs known as “Faraid” or statutory heirs. The allocation of shares is based on a hierarchical order, with closer relatives having priority over more distant ones. Under the Inheritance Law in Dubai the statutory heirs include parents, spouse(s), and children. Each category of heirs has a defined share in the estate, which is determined based on their relationship to the deceased. For example, the spouse may receive a specific share, while the children may receive a different share, depending on the number of children and other factors. In case an individual has no immediate relatives, the inheritance may pass to more distant relatives, such as siblings or nieces and nephews. However, it is important to note that the shares and proportions may vary depending on the specific circumstances and the presence or absence of a will. In cases where there are no eligible heirs, the estate may be transferred to the government or charitable organizations, as determined by the authorities. Overall, the inheritance laws in Dubai aim to ensure a fair and just distribution of assets among the rightful heirs. By following the principles of Sharia law, Dubai’s inheritance laws provide a comprehensive framework that balances the rights and obligations of individuals, while also considering the unique cultural and religious context of the society.

Inheritance Process in Dubai Inheritance

determination in Dubai involves several steps that heirs must follow. These steps are essential to ensure a smooth and legal distribution of goods. To avoid unnecessary delays and complications, it is important to know the process. When a loved one dies in Dubai, the inheritance process begins. The process can be difficult both emotionally and legally, but understanding the steps can help ease the burden. passages about the inheritance claim The probate process in Dubai starts with applying for a certificate of probate from the courts of Dubai. This certificate confirms the existence of any will and appoints an executor to oversee the division of assets. Upon receipt of the certificate of inheritance, an inventory of the deceased’s assets is drawn up. This inventory is a detailed listing of the value and nature of each asset. The main thing is to distribute the wealth accurately among the heirs, thus ensuring fair distribution. After the inventory has been drawn up, the inheritance is distributed among the heirs according to the will of the deceased or according to the Inheritance Law in Dubai. This division process can be complex, especially when the heirs are numerous or the estate is mixed in nature. After the division of assets, the heirs can transfer the respective shares into their names. This includes legal processes such as transfers of ownership, change of ownership of financial accounts, and updating legal documents.

Legal Procedures for Foreigners

Foreigners residing in Dubai must be aware of the specific legal procedures involved in claiming inheritance. It is advisable to consult with a legal expert or a professional lawyer who specializes in inheritance laws to navigate the complexities successfully. For foreigners, there are certain nuances in the inheritance process, particularly in terms of the repatriation of assets. Repatriation refers to the transfer of assets from Dubai to the heir’s home country. This process may involve additional legal requirements and tax implications, depending on the home country’s laws. Additionally, expatriates may face challenges related to the recognition of foreign wills and the distribution of assets according to their home country’s laws. Understanding the legal procedures for foreigners is essential to ensuring a smooth and successful inheritance claim. Overall, the process of claiming inheritance in Dubai requires careful attention to detail and adherence to legal procedures. By understanding the steps involved and seeking professional guidance when needed, heirs can navigate the process with confidence and ensure a fair distribution of assets.

Impact of Inheritance Laws on Expatriates

Expatriates form a significant portion of Dubai’s population and contribute immensely to its growth and development. However, these individuals face unique challenges when it comes to inheritance laws and their rights. Understanding the impact of these laws on expatriates is crucial for individuals living and working in Dubai. Inheritance Rights of Non-Muslim Expatriates Non-Muslim expatriates residing in Dubai may wonder about their inheritance rights under Sharia law. While Islamic law governs most aspects of inheritance, Dubai allows non-Muslims to opt for their country’s inheritance laws, known as “foreign legal principles. This option provides a certain degree of flexibility and ensures the wishes of non-Muslim expatriates are respected. Challenges Faced by Expatriates Expatriates face various challenges when it comes to inheritance in Dubai, particularly in cases where the deceased has not left a legally binding will. The process can be lengthy and complex, requiring legal expertise to navigate the intricacies of Sharia law. Additionally, potential disputes among family members or other claimants can further complicate the process, leading to delays and conflicts.

Inheritance Laws and Real Estate in Dubai

Real estate holds immense value in Dubai, with numerous properties owned by residents and non-residents alike. It is essential to understand how Inheritance Law in Dubai impact the transfer of real estate properties and the legal considerations surrounding them. Inheritance of Property by Non-Residents Non-residents who own property in Dubai must be aware of the legalities surrounding inheritance. In general, the inheritance laws of the individual’s home country apply to the property. However, it is important to ensure that the laws of Dubai and the home country do not conflict to prevent any ambiguity or legal issues. Legalities Surrounding Property Inheritance Transferring the ownership of a property to the rightful heirs involves specific legal procedures. Authorities typically require a copy of the deceased’s will, proof of death, and proof of inheritance from a competent court. Legalities vary depending on several factors, including the presence or absence of a will, the number of heirs involved, and any potential disputes.

Dealing with Probate Disputes

Probate disputes can arise for a variety of reasons and represent a major challenge for everyone involved. Knowing how to handle such disputes and what possible remedial actions you can take is crucial to resolving disputes and ensuring an equitable allocation of resources. The most common causes of real estate disputes Probate disputes can arise from a number of factors including: e.g.  conflicting interpretations of the deceased’s will, disagreements between family members, or allegations of fraud or improper influence. Disputes can strain relationships, prolong litigation, and result in significant legal costs. Timely legal advice can help to mitigate potential conflicts and find amicable solutions.

Remedies for Property Disputes

There are several remedies available for resolving property disputes. This may include mediation, arbitration or litigation. In these cases, it is essential to seek professional legal advice as this will ensure that your rights are protected and a fair resolution is sought.


Understanding Inheritance Law in Dubai is paramount for residents and non-residents alike, as they affect the distribution of assets and the fulfilment of the deceased’s wishes. Regardless of one’s nationality or religion, Dubai’s inheritance laws have a significant impact on individuals and their families. By familiarizing oneself with the basic principles, legal procedures, and potential challenges, one can navigate this intricate legal landscape with confidence. Seeking expert legal advice is always advisable to ensure compliance with the law and protect one’s rights and interests.

Inheritance law in Dubai is a multifaceted area that requires careful consideration and expert guidance. BSB Legal, with its deep knowledge of both Sharia principles and DIFC regulations, offers a comprehensive solution for individuals looking to secure their legacy in this diverse and vibrant city. Whether you’re a Muslim resident or an expatriate, BSB Legal is your trusted partner in navigating the intricacies of inheritance law in Dubai.