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BSB Legal | Navigating UAE’s Jointly Owned Property Laws


The United Arab Emirates (UAE) is a thriving hub for Real estate investments, and many individuals and businesses find themselves co-owning properties. Jointly owned properties, often referred to as jointly owned real estate or “JOE,” come with a unique set of legal considerations. In this article, we embark on a journey to Explore UAE Property Laws in this article, unraveling the mysteries surrounding jointly owned properties.

The Legal Framework

Federal Law No. 6 of 2019: This landmark legislation, also known as the “Jointly Owned Property Law,” serves as the cornerstone for jointly owned properties in the UAE. Its provisions are comprehensive, addressing various aspects of co-ownership to ensure a fair and harmonious environment for all stakeholders.

Ownership Shares: The law explicitly defines the concept of ownership shares. It outlines how co-owners’ shares are determined, often based on the size, location, or value of the units they own. This meticulous delineation of ownership shares fosters transparency and minimizes potential disputes.

Common Areas and Facilities: Federal Law No. 6 of 2019 provides a clear definition of common areas and facilities within jointly owned properties. These encompass shared spaces such as parking areas, swimming pools, gyms, and elevators. The law meticulously outlines the rights, responsibilities, and obligations of co-owners concerning these communal spaces.

Jointly Owned Property Declaration: Each jointly owned property is required to have a “Jointly Owned Property Declaration.” This document serves as a detailed roadmap, specifying ownership percentages, common areas, and other essential particulars. It acts as a legal reference point for co-owners and plays a pivotal role in ensuring compliance with the law.

1. Owners’ Association: Federal Law No. 6 of 2019 mandates the establishment of an “Owners’ Association” for each jointly owned property. This association is democratically elected by the co-owners and assumes a central role in the governance and management of the property.

(i). Dispute Resolution Mechanisms: Recognizing that disputes can arise among co-owners, Federal Law No. 6 of 2019 establishes a structured framework for conflict resolution. Co-owners can seek resolution through entities such as the Real Estate Regulatory Authority (RERA) and the Dubai Courts. This ensures that disputes are addressed in a transparent and impartial manner, upholding the interests of all stakeholders.

The legal framework governing jointly owned properties in the UAE is meticulous, leaving no room for ambiguity. It empowers co-owners with clear guidelines, rights, and responsibilities, ultimately fostering a conducive environment for successful co-ownership. Through the comprehensive legal provisions of Federal Law No. 6 of 2019, the UAE reaffirms its commitment to promoting transparency, fairness, and harmony within the real estate sector, making it an attractive destination for property investments and shared ownership opportunities.

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Understanding Joint Ownership

  1. Ownership Shares: In jointly owned properties, each co-owner holds a specific share of the property. These shares are determined based on the size or value of the unit owned.
  2. Common Areas: The law defines common areas and facilities, such as parking lots, swimming pools, and elevators, and outlines the co-owners’ responsibilities for maintaining and managing them.

Management and Governance

  1. Owners’ Association: The law mandates the creation of an “Owners’ Association” responsible for managing and maintaining the jointly owned property. The association is typically elected by co-owners and plays a crucial role in property management.
  2. Management Rules: The Owners’ Association establishes management rules, covering topics like service charges, maintenance, and dispute resolution. These rules ensure that the property functions smoothly.

Challenges and Solutions

  1. Dispute Resolution: The law provides a structured mechanism for resolving disputes among co-owners, primarily through the Real Estate Regulatory Authority (RERA) and the Dubai Courts.
  2. Service Charges: Co-owners must contribute to service charges for maintenance and other expenses. The law ensures transparency and accountability in determining these charges.
  3. Rights and Responsibilities: Understanding the rights and responsibilities of co-owners is crucial for harmonious living in jointly owned properties. These rights encompass using common areas and the duty to maintain the property.

Why Joint Ownership Matters

  1. Investment Opportunities: Joint ownership allows investors to enter the UAE real estate market without bearing the full financial burden, making it an attractive option.
  2. Diversification: Co-owning properties provides diversification, spreading the risk among multiple owners.
  3. Community Living: Jointly owned properties often offer a sense of community and shared amenities, enhancing the overall living experience.


In navigating UAE’s Jointly Owned Property Laws, BSB Legal stands as your expert legal consultant and lawyer. We decode the intricacies, ensuring clarity and compliance with the law. BSB Legal, a cornerstone in legal expertise, guides you through the complexities of property laws in the UAE. As your trusted ally, we provide seamless solutions to navigate jointly owned properties. With a commitment to excellence in law, BSB Legal ensures that your legal concerns are addressed with precision and proficiency. Choose BSB Legal for comprehensive insights, expert advice, and a reliable legal partner in understanding and managing jointly owned property matters in the UAE.Top of Form

Jointly owned properties in the UAE represent a unique and promising facet of the country’s real estate landscape. The legal framework, as outlined in Federal Law No. 6 of 2019, provides structure and protection for co-owners. By understanding the law and their rights and responsibilities, individuals and businesses can navigate the world of joint ownership with confidence. Jointly owned properties offer investment opportunities, diversification, and a sense of community, making them an exciting prospect in the dynamic UAE real estate market.