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Digital Identity and Biometrics in Contracts | BSB Legal


In an era driven by technology, the United Arab Emirates (UAE) has embraced the digital revolution by incorporating digital identity and Biometrics in Contracts. This article explores the profound impact of digital identity and biometric data on UAE contracts, delving into the legal framework, challenges, and opportunities they present.

Digital Identity in UAE Contracts:

The UAE has recognized the importance of digital identity as a cornerstone of modern contract law. Article 2 of Federal Law No. 1 of 2006 concerning Electronic Commerce and Transactions recognizes digital signatures and digital certificates as legally binding. In essence, these digital identities validate the authenticity of parties involved in contracts and assure their intentions. This has streamlined the contract execution process and reduced the need for physical signatures.

Biometric Data: A Game-Changer:

Biometric data, such as fingerprints and facial recognition, has gained significant traction in UAE contracts. This not only enhances security but also simplifies authentication processes. The UAE’s Biometric Law, enacted in 2018, lays the foundation for using biometric data in various sectors, including contractual agreements. The law outlines strict rules for data protection and consent, ensuring the privacy and rights of individuals.

The Legal Framework:

 Federal Law No. 1 of 2006 on Electronic Commerce and Transactions: This law provides the foundational framework for electronic transactions, including digital signatures and digital certificates. It legitimizes the use of electronic signatures, ensuring their legal equivalence to physical signatures. This not only expedites contract execution but also reduces the reliance on traditional paper-based processes.

Telecommunications Regulatory Authority (TRA): Federal Law No. 3 of 2012 established the TRA to oversee and regulate the telecommunications and information technology sectors in the UAE. The TRA plays a critical role in ensuring the proper functioning of electronic signatures, upholding international standards, and maintaining the security and integrity of electronic transactions.

Biometric Law: The UAE introduced the Biometric Law in 2018 to govern the collection, processing, and storage of biometric data. This law is vital in the context of contracts, as it defines strict rules for the use of biometric data to protect the privacy and rights of individuals. It mandates obtaining informed consent before collecting such data and enforces robust security measures.

Federal Law No. 2 of 2019 on Using IT in Healthcare: While primarily focused on healthcare, this law is relevant to contracts involving biometric data, particularly in the healthcare sector. It underscores the importance of data security and consent when dealing with sensitive biometric information in medical contracts.

Cybersecurity Laws and Regulations: The UAE has introduced a series of cybersecurity laws and regulations to safeguard digital transactions and protect critical infrastructure. These laws are integral to the legal framework supporting digital identity in contracts, as they ensure the confidentiality and integrity of sensitive data used in agreements.

Data Protection Laws: The UAE has been working on comprehensive data protection laws to further enhance privacy and security. While these laws are still evolving, they are expected to have a substantial impact on how biometric data is used in contracts, especially concerning issues of consent and data rights.

International Conventions: The UAE is a signatory to international agreements related to digital identity and electronic commerce, further reinforcing its commitment to creating a legal environment conducive to these technologies.

Challenges and Concerns:

Despite the numerous benefits, there are challenges. Ensuring data privacy and security remains paramount. The Federal Law No. 2 of 2019 on Using IT in Healthcare outlines the healthcare sector’s approach to biometric data, focusing on data security and patient consent.

Opportunities for Businesses:

Businesses that embrace digital identity and biometric data in their contracts gain a competitive edge. They can expedite transactions, reduce fraud, and enhance customer experience. Moreover, the adoption of advanced technologies positions UAE businesses at the forefront of innovation.


As the field of digital identification and Biometrics in Contracts continues to develop, BSB Legal is your go-to resource for guidance at the nexus of business, technology, and law. Our team of knowledgeable attorneys and legal advisers is aware of the importance of these developments in the United Arab Emirates. With a dedication to quality, we assist companies and people in utilizing digital identification and biometric data while making sure that all legal and ethical criteria are satisfied. At BSB Legal, we lead the way in establishing smooth, safe, and effective contractual arrangements for the future, reaffirming our status as industry pioneers in both law and technology. Digital identity and biometric data in UAE contracts are not just legal necessities but also invaluable tools in today’s digital world. As the UAE continues to lead in technological advancements, the legal framework supporting these innovations further strengthens its position as a global business hub. Businesses and individuals must harness this potential while respecting the legal requirements and ethical considerations associated with these technologies. In doing so, they unlock a future of efficient, secure, and seamless contractual agreements in the UAE.